Mosquitoes have been about for over 30 million years. See more pictures of insects.

Mosquitoes have been established for over 30 million years. See more pictures of insects. also see: the best Indoor Mosquito trap

2008 HOWSTUFFWORKS

Let's say it's the summer months. You're outside in your backyard experiencing the sun and grilling your dinner. Ouch! You look down your arm and find out a painful, swelling mosquito bite. Moments later, you really feel another one bite you. What are these pesky insects? Why do they bite? Do they carry diseases? What can you caused by protect yourself

In this information, we'll please take a close-up have a look at mosquitoes -- where did they breed, the way they bite, what diseases they carry and what you can because of control them.

CREEPY CRAWLY

How Houseflies Work

How Spiders Work

Insect Quiz

Up Close

Mosquitoes are insects that have been established for more than 30 million years. And it entirely possible that, during those numerous years, mosquitoes happen to be honing their skills so they are now experts at finding website visitors to bite. Mosquitoes use a battery of sensors created to track their prey, including:

Chemical sensors - mosquitoes can sense co2 and lactic acid approximately 100 feet (36 meters) away. Mammals and birds emits these gases as part of their normal breathing. Certain chemicals in sweat also appear to attract mosquitoes (individuals who don't sweat much aren't getting nearly as many mosquito bites).

Visual sensors - should you be wearing clothing that contrasts together with the background, and particularly if you move while wearing that clothing, mosquitoes is able to see you and zero in on you. It's a great bet that anything moving is "alive", and for that reason full of blood, making this a good strategy.

Heat sensors - Mosquitoes can detect heat, to allow them to find warm-blooded mammals and birds without difficulty once they get close enough.

Something on this many sensors sounds a lot more a military aircraft than an insect. That's why mosquitoes are extremely good at finding and biting you. As we'll see later, one of several only solutions to stop mosquitoes from finding you is usually to confuse their chemical receptors with something similar to DEET.

Like all insects, adult mosquitoes have three basic parts of the body:

Head - This is where every one of the sensors are, along while using biting apparatus. The head has two compound eyes, antennae to sense chemicals plus the mouth parts the palpus as well as the proboscis (only females h­ave the proboscis, for biting).

Thorax - This segment is how the two wings and six legs attach. It offers the flight muscles, compound heart, some nerve cell ganglia and ­trachioles.

Abdomen - This segment offers the digestive and excretory organs.

So you employ a sensor package, an electric motor package plus a fuel processing package -- an excellent design!

The areas of a mosquito

The regions of a mosquito

">We'll examine the different kinds of mosquitoes within the next section.

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